11 Best Cities to Visit in Egypt

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Step into the ancient land of Pharaohs, Pyramids, and unparalleled history! Our world, with its vast cultures and countless perspectives, offers an abundance of magical locations to explore. However, for those truly seeking a captivating blend of antiquity, cultural essence, and modern versatility, few locations can compare to the mesmerizing country of Egypt.

This intricately woven matrix of civilization cradles some of the most sophisticated our world has ever seen. From the grandeur of historical monuments to the captivating tales etched into its every stone, each city in Egypt serves as a testament to human ingenuity and artistry.

In this article, we delve deeper into the heart of Egypt, exploring the best cities that showcase the country’s lively bazaars, enchanting river banks, extraordinary archaeological sites, and vibrant cultural dynamics. If you’ve ever dreamed of standing in the shadows of colossal pyramids, strolling through bustling markets, or sailing down the Nile River at sunset, prepare yourself for an insider’s guide to the unmissable highlights of Egypt’s standout cities. Let’s embark on a journey of discovery, unveiling the bygone eras, embracing the present, and envisaging the future of this transcendent land.

Best Cities in Egypt to Visit


Cairo, the bustling capital of Egypt, commonly known as the “City of a Thousand Minarets”, offers visitors an immersive experience of ancient history juxtaposed with modern metropolitan life.

It is the pulsing heart of the country, teeming with life, trading, and timeless artefacts. From the world-renowned Pyramids of Giza and the iconic Sphinx to the labyrinthine Khan El Khalili Market, there’s an abundance of history and culture waiting to be explored.

The Egyptian Museum, with its prestigious collection of pharaonic antiquities, and the historic Islamic and Coptic quarters, represent the city’s rich cultural tapestry. Meanwhile, the River Nile gracefully winds its way through the city, welcoming sightseers aboard traditional feluccas for a serene sunset sail. An intriguing combination of chaos and charm, Cairo serves as both a gateway to Egypt’s past and a vibrant, cosmopolitan city of the present.


Embracing the east bank of the Nile, Luxor beckons as another must-see city in Egypt. Affectionately referred to as the “world’s greatest open-air museum”, Luxor astounds visitors with its astonishing wealth of ancient Egyptian cultural heritage.

The city, once known as Thebes in times of pharaonic splendour, is home to the breathtaking Luxor and Karnak temples which stand as grand symbols of Egypt’s monumental past.

On the city’s west bank, the majestic Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, including the illustrious tomb of Tutankhamun, offer an archaeological gold mine. Equally impressive, the remarkably well-preserved Temple of Hatshepsut pays tribute to one of Egypt’s most powerful pharaohs.

Amid these timeless structures, dramatic, undisturbed landscapes, and the ever-present Nile, Luxor unfolds a deeply engrained narrative of bygone civilizations, making it a true marvel for history enthusiasts and world explorers alike.


Aswan, affectionately known as the ‘Jewel of the Nile’, is an enthralling city in southern Egypt marked by its serene ambience and enchanting natural beauty.

Aswan strikes a distinctive chord with its slower pace of life, scenic river views and lush, palm-filled islands. The city’s unique charm is complemented by a wealth of historic attractions and experiences: the colossal Unfinished Obelisk, the ornate Temple of Isis at Philae, and the double temple of Kom Ombo, each steeped in profound history and displaying exquisite architectural prowess.

But it’s not just the historical wonders that beguile; Aswan is also the gateway to Lake Nasser, on the banks of which the monumental Abu Simbel temples stand, relocated and preserved as a symbol of Egyptian resilience. Far from the frantic bustle of bigger cities, this haven of tranquility, hemmed in by water and sand, offers an unforgettable, serene encounter with Egypt’s ancient past and captivating landscapes.


Located on the north coast of Egypt, Alexandria, often referred to as the “Pearl of the Mediterranean”, presents a harmonious blend of ancient heritage and contemporary vigor.

Founded by Alexander the Great, this coastal city is a treasure trove of Graeco-Roman era relics and a testimony to the Hellenistic influence on Egyptian culture. The catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa, a complex network of tombs, constitute one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages.

Despite the unfortunate loss of the legendary Lighthouse and the Great Library of Alexandria, the city hasn’t lost its grandeur. The modern Bibliotheca Alexandrina, an homage to the ancient library, stands as a beacon of knowledge while Montaza Palace and Gardens showcase stunning architecture and landscaping.

Moreover, the city’s vibrant seafront and numerous local eateries offer opportunities to savor bustling Alexandrian life and Mediterranean delicacies. Captivating and diverse, Alexandria offers all who visit a unique and unforgettable journey through time.


Emerging from a modest fishing village into one of the most visited tourist destinations in Egypt, Hurghada, popularly known as the ‘Red Sea Riviera’, is a sun-drenched paradise.

With its crystal-clear waters, vibrant coral reefs, and a wide array of aquatic life, the city offers a world-class diving experience that attracts adventurers from around the globe.

But it’s not just the underwater spectacle that’s impressive here; Hurghada also offers miles of immaculate sandy beaches, luxurious resorts and lively nightlife, providing the perfect setting for an idyllic beach getaway.

In addition, a myriad of activities such as desert safaris, camel rides, Quad biking, or a visit to the Bedouin Village, invite visitors to explore and appreciate the beauty of the surrounding desert. A true mecca for water sports and relaxation, Hurghada promises a refreshing and exhilarating experience for all types of travelers.

Sharm El Sheikh

Nestled at the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, Sharm El Sheikh is a coastal haven boasting year-round sunshine, crystalline waters, and a breathtaking mountainous backdrop. This world-class resort city offers a vibrant mix of leisure and adventure, catering to travelers seeking either relaxation or excitement. Renowned for its spectacular snorkeling and diving spots, such as Ras Mohammed National Park and the Straits of Tiran, Sharm El Sheikh truly lives up to its epithet as a diver’s paradise with its vivid coral reefs and diverse marine life. The city’s extensive array of resorts, restaurants, and clubs offers endless entertainment and dining options. Adrenaline-seekers can embark on thrilling desert excursions, including quad biking and camel trekking or exploring the mystical St. Catherine’s Monastery. Whether you long for a tranquil beach retreat or crave heart-pumping activities, Sharm El Sheikh delivers a memorable vacation with its stunning natural beauty and exhilarating attractions.


Giza, a city located on the west bank of the Nile, is world-famous for hosting one of the most awe-inspiring architectural feats – the Giza Plateau, home to the Great Pyramids and the Sphinx. These immortal structures, with their intricate design and enduring resilience, narrate stories of ancient Egyptian ingenuity and cultural richness. Besides these iconic landmarks, Giza also encompasses the Solar Boat Museum, housing a ceremonial ship from the pharaonic era. Just a stone’s throw away from Cairo, this city provides a mesmerising peek into the remarkable history of one of the world’s earliest civilisations.


Situated on the west bank of the Nile, Edfu is best known for the Temple of Horus, one of the most well-preserved ancient religious sites in Egypt. This exceptionally intact temple, dedicated to the falcon god Horus, is an archaeological gem that gives us an invaluable insight into the religious and ceremonial practices of the Ptolemaic period. Its grand pylons, intricate wall carvings and colossal statues strike a breathtaking impression, transporting visitors back in time. Edfu, although often overlooked in favor of bigger cities, offers an impactful encounter with Egypt’s illustrious past.


Ismailia, strategically located on the west bank of the Suez Canal in Egypt, offers a distinctive blend of natural beauty, history, and tranquility. Lovingly referred to as ‘The City of Beauty and Enchantment’, it is renowned for its lovely gardens, quiet charm, and beautiful Lake Timsah. The city has played a significant role in the formation and operations of the Suez Canal, as evidenced by the local Suez Canal Museum. Its late 19th-century colonial architecture also adds to its charm, serving as a reminder of its unique history. Whether for its scenery or its history, Ismailia is worth exploring.

Port Said

Port Said, a bustling metropolis strategically situated at the northern entrance of the Suez Canal, has a rich maritime history and a lively cosmopolitan atmosphere. As a thriving port city, Port Said epitomizes the confluence of cultures, with a unique blend of Egyptian, African, and European influences reflected in its architecture, food, and customs. A promenade along the banks of the canal offers stunning views of the passing ships and the historic Lighthouse of Port Said – one of the city’s iconic landmarks. With its maritime charm and vibrant cultural scene, Port Said beckons travelers seeking an off-the-beaten-path experience in Egypt.


Memphis, once a flourishing capital of ancient Egypt, now stands as an open-air museum that captures the essence of its majestic past. Founded by the Pharaoh Menes around 3100 BCE, Memphis was the center of political and religious life for centuries, housing the temples of Ptah and other deities. Today, its history is etched in the ruins of the colossal statue of Ramses II, the Alabaster Sphinx, and the Saqqara necropolis. Though its splendor has faded with time, visiting Memphis awakens the imagination, transporting travelers back to a time when this city was the seat of the Egyptian empire.

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